Validating an email address with regular expressions

[email protected] – “.a” is not a valid tld, last tld must contains at least two characters 4. mkyong()*@– email’s is only allow character, digit, underscore and dash 8. [email protected]– email’s first character can not start with dot “.” 7. The ending quotation mark must not be preceded by a backslash character (\). If the first character is a quotation mark, match a beginning quotation mark followed by at least one occurrence of any character, followed by an ending quotation mark.The result of sending an email to a badly formatted email address would be the same: it’ll get bounced. If you really want to do checking of email addresses right on the signup page, include a confirmation field so they have to type it twice.If your user enters a bad email address, they won’t get the activation email and they’ll try to register again if they really care about using your site. Enterprising individuals will just copy and paste, but what it comes down to is this: if your user enters a bad email address, you shouldn’t make it more of a problem for yourself than you have to. This pattern can be repeated one or more times, and must be followed by the top-level domain name. To include them in a regular expression library, either copy and paste the code into a Visual Studio Class Library project, or copy and paste it into a text file and compile it from the command line with a command like the following (assuming that the name of the source code file is Regex or Regex Utilities.vb: You can also use the Regex. If the character that follows @ is not an opening bracket, match one alphanumeric character with a value of A-Z, a-z, or 0-9, followed by zero or more occurrences of a hyphen, followed by zero or one alphanumeric character with a value of A-Z, a-z, or 0-9, followed by a period. To determine whether an email address is valid, pass the email address to the Mail Address. methods can be included in a library of regular expression utility methods, or they can be included as private static or instance methods in the application class.

If you actually check the Google query I linked above, people have been writing (or trying to write) RFC-compliant regular expressions to parse email addresses for years.^ #start of the line [_A-Za-z0-9-\ ] # must start with string in the bracket [ ], must contains one or more ( ) ( # start of group #1 \.[_A-Za-z0-9-] # follow by a dot "." and string in the bracket [ ], must contains one or more ( ) )* # end of group #1, this group is optional (*) @ # must contains a "@" symbol [A-Za-z0-9-] # follow by string in the bracket [ ], must contains one or more ( ) ( # start of group #2 - first level TLD checking \.[A-Za-z0-9] # follow by a dot "." and string in the bracket [ ], must contains one or more ( ) )* # end of group #2, this group is optional (*) ( # start of group #3 - second level TLD checking \.[A-Za-z] # follow by a dot "." and string in the bracket [ ], with minimum length of 2 ) # end of group #3 $ #end of the line The combination means, email address must start with “_A-Za-z0-9-\ ” , optional follow by “.[_A-Za-z0-9-]”, and end with a “@” symbol. Email is valid : [email protected], true Email is valid : [email protected], true Email is valid : [email protected], true Email is valid : [email protected], true Email is valid : [email protected], true Email is valid : [email protected] , true Email is valid : [email protected], true Email is valid : [email protected] , true Email is valid : mkyong [email protected], true Email is valid : [email protected], true Email is valid : mkyong , false Email is valid : [email protected] , false Email is valid : [email protected] , false Email is valid : [email protected], false Email is valid : [email protected] , false Email is valid : [email protected], false Email is valid : mkyong()*@, false Email is valid : [email protected]%*, false Email is valid : [email protected], false Email is valid : [email protected], false Email is valid : [email protected]@, false Email is valid : [email protected] , false PASSED: Valid Email Test([ The email’s domain name must start with “A-Za-z0-9-“, follow by first level Tld (.com, .net) “.[A-Za-z0-9]” and optional follow by a second level Tld (au, my) “\.[A-Za-z]”, where second level Tld must start with a dot “.” and length must equal or more than 2 characters. Specify all the domain extensions approach Reddit user teye points to his regex, which only allows domain extensions that actually exist:([a-z0-9][-a-z0-9_\ \.]*[a-z0-9])@([a-z0-9][-a-z0-9\.]*[a-z0-9]\.(arpa|root|aero|biz|cat|com|coop|edu|gov|info|int|jobs|mil|mobi|museum|name|net|org|pro|tel|travel|ac|ad|ae|af|ag|ai|al|am|an|ao|aq|ar|as|at|au|aw|ax|az|ba|bb|bd|be|bf|bg|bh|bi|bj|bm|bn|bo|br|bs|bt|bv|bw|by|bz|ca|cc|cd|cf|cg|ch|ci|ck|cl|cm|cn|co|cr|cu|cv|cx|cy|cz|de|dj|dk|dm|do|dz|ec|ee|eg|er|es|et|eu|fi|fj|fk|fm|fo|fr|ga|gb|gd|ge|gf|gg|gh|gi|gl|gm|gn|gp|gq|gr|gs|gt|gu|gw|gy|hk|hm|hn|hr|ht|hu|id|ie|il|im|in|io|iq|ir|is|it|je|jm|jo|jp|ke|kg|kh|ki|km|kn|kr|kw|ky|kz|la|lb|lc|li|lk|lr|ls|lt|lu|lv|ly|ma|mc|md|mg|mh|mk|ml|mm|mn|mo|mp|mq|mr|ms|mt|mu|mv|mw|mx|my|mz|na|nc|ne|nf|ng|ni|nl|no|np|nr|nu|nz|om|pa|pe|pf|pg|ph|pk|pl|pm|pn|pr|ps|pt|pw|py|qa|re|ro|ru|rw|sa|sb|sc|sd|se|sg|sh|si|sj|sk|sl|sm|sn|so|sr|st|su|sv|sy|sz|tc|td|tf|tg|th|tj|tk|tl|tm|tn|to|tp|tr|tt|tv|tw|tz|ua|ug|uk|um|us|uy|uz|va|vc|ve|vg|vi|vn|vu|wf|ws|ye|yt|yu|za|zm|zw)|([0-9]\.[0-9]))Upside: It doesn't allow [email protected]! You'd have to update any time new domain extensions are announced. Likely, you'll choose somewhere in the middle of the examples we've given. Info has a good run-down of the trade-offs of different approaches.In fact, you already would need to add the extension.4. Have you already decided how to check email addresses? A complex regex validation on the email address doesn’t introduce an additional solution, it introduces an additional problem.

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