Lacking the capital it would need to seize marketing opportunities in this growing area, California Star was acquired by the Pacific Coast Oil Co. In 1895, the company initiated its enduring marine history when it launched California’s first steel tanker, the , which could ship 6,500 barrels of crude between Ventura and San Francisco. opened a three-person, second-story office in San Francisco.Despite its modest trappings, Standard possessed marketing acumen, outstanding products, an aggressive advertising philosophy and financial backing from its New York parent.The agency also has greatly expanded the number of undocumented immigrants it takes into custody after traffic stops by local police.The American Immigration Council explained how recent trends toward combining the duties of local law enforcement and federal immigration authorities also contributed, with programs such as the now-discontinued Secure Communities and 287(g): Secure Communities, which was created in 2008, is an information-sharing program between DHS and the Department of Justice.The program uses biometric data to screen for deportable immigrants as people are being booked into jails.Under Secure Communities, an arrestee’s fingerprints are run not only against criminal databases, but immigration databases as well.In 2013, almost two-thirds of deportations were in that category. While this campaign precedes the Obama administration by many years, it has grown immensely during his tenure in the White House.The deportation trend abated towards the latter part of the Obama administration, with Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) announcing efforts to “prioritize convicted criminals and threats to public safety, border security, and national security.” Although 2013 was a record-setting year with 435,498 deportations, 2015 saw the lowest numbers in a decade, according to ICE. The trend can be traced back to the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IIRCA) of 1986, “which encouraged the initiation of deportation proceedings against any immigrant convicted of a deportable offense.
(Chevron Photo) Spurred by memories of the gold rush, hordes of prospectors descended on California in the 1860s, seeking another kind of bounty – black gold, or oil. Undeterred, petroleum pioneers Demetrius Scofield and Frederick Taylor of the California Star Oil Works, a Chevron predecessor, took aim at Pico Canyon, a remote portion of the rugged Santa Susana Mountains.During the two terms of Obama’s predecessor, President George W. However, that statistic is somewhat misleading, as a significant portion of it was due to a change in the way “deportations” are defined that began during the Bush administration, not in the actual number of persons turned out of the U. As the The number of people deported at or near the [U.S.-Mexico] border has gone up — primarily as a result of changing who gets counted in the U. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency’s deportation statistics.Meanwhile, the number of deportations carried out by U. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, which deports people caught both at the border and the interior of the country, fell in 2013 compared with 2012.This rise in the number of deportations also coincides with stalled growth of the U. unauthorized immigrant population since 2009, and a more recent rise in the number of apprehensions at the U. In 2013, there were 414,000 apprehensions at the southwest border, a rise of 27% over 2011 (the most recent low in apprehensions).No other law enforcement agency is subject to a statutory quota on the number of individuals to hold in detention. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) to keep an average of 34,000 detainees per day in its custody, a quota that has steadily risen since it was established in 2006 by conservative lawmakers who insisted that the agency wasn’t doing enough to deport unlawful immigrants.